Truckload Rate
Frequently Asked Questions

How are the line haul rates and fuel surcharge rates generated?

Data is provided by truckload carriers which supply rate information based on actual and current freight bills. The data is collected via each carrier dispatch system after the freight has been billed which includes: line haul rates and fuel surcharge. The information captured by is compiled and updated on a monthly basis and freight rates are the computed average of all the aggregate data. The information provided by carriers and the carrier identity is strictly confidential. The current number of contributing carriers in the database is over 100 and the fleet size of carriers ranges from 50 to 4,500 power units.

Are free trials available?

No, but you can try the demo page, Also, when you set up an account you are not billed for the first calendar month with a minimum one month subscription when you setup your subscription.

When will I be billed on my credit card?

You will be billed on the first of every month for that month's usage.

What is Fuel Surcharge?

Fuel Surcharge is an accessorial charge that truckload carriers charge their shipping customers to help offset the cost of fuel. This is usually measured in a dollars per mile rate (ex: $0.20 per mile).

Some shipping customers will refuse to pay a fuel surcharge to truckload carriers. Carriers, in this case, will simply roll the fuel surcharge into the linehaul rate (ex: Base linehaul rate of $1.20 per mile is now $1.40 per mile using a $0.20 per mile fuel surcharge.)

This is why it is important in the Truckload Rate Index to present the average fuel surcharge alongside the average linehaul rate. Taken together this is the average rate per mile for a particular lane including fuel surcharge.

Are these rates roundtrip or one-way?


Are the rates "contracted" or "spot"?

The data is "contracted" rates. Dedicated lanes are filtered out to keep the results as accurate as possible.

How often are the line haul rates and fuel surcharge rates updated?

We pull this data from our contributing carriers once per month. We update our database on the 22nd of every month. If the 22nd falls on a business holiday or weekend, then we will update the freight rates on the following business day.

Still have a question?

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Transportation Glossary >
Accessorial Services:
Services, other than linehaul transportation, performed by an agent or the van operator (such as; packing, unpacking, an extra pickup, a long carry, an elevator carry, etc.). Accessorial services are charged in addition to linehaul transportation charge.
Actual Weight:
Gross shipping weight
Ad Valorem Tax:
A charge levied on persons or organizations based on the value of transaction. It is normally a given percentage of the price of the retail or manufacturing stage and is a common form of sales tax; e.g. Federal excise tax on new trucks and trailers
Actual time of availability. This is the actual time a driver is empty at the final destination.
Actual Time of Delivery. This is the actual time a driver arrives at the final destination(no earlier than the consignee is open for business)
Availability Index (AI):
This index indicates the reliability of a driver’s ETA. It is a percentage measurement of the number of times the ATA was within one hour of the ETA.
Available Status:
A driver whose status is either available (ACAI), assigned (ASGN), moving (MVNG), deadheading (DHNG) or bobtailing (BOBT)
Refers to a load of freight which permits a trucker to return to his home with a loaded truck, rather than an empty one.
Bad Order:
Broken or out of order equipment
Batch Reports:
These are the reports that are printed daily after the SOURCE system goes down. There are a number of reports which give summary information above equipment, drivers, loads and the day’s operations
Bill of Lading (B/L):
A shipper’s receipt for goods. A contract between the shipper and the carrier for the transportation of a given shipment.
Preparation of the freight bill, the primary document for a common carrier shipment including a description of the freight, number of pieces and charges
A group of drivers, varying in number, having a designated Driver Supervisor and Assistant
An auxiliary axle assembly having a fifth wheel used for purpose of converting a semitrailer to a full trailer. Dollies can be used to haul multiple trailers behind a single power unit. (Also referred to as dolly)
To drive a tractor without a trailer
Bottom Line:
On duty, not driving
Break Bulk:
To separate a composite load into individual shipments and route to different destinations
Break Bulk Terminal:
A terminal designed to act as an intermediate sorting point for interregional freight. Freight from various end-of-line terminals is sent to a regional break bulk terminal to be combined into full trailers that the carrier then routes to a subsequent end-of-line terminals. Example: freight destined for Texas from a Binghamton, NY terminal might go to Stroudsburg, PA to be combined with other freight destined for Texas from other Eastern cities.
Tractor and/or trailer problem restricting the driver in completing an assignment on time
Broker/Owner Operator:
Individual who owns his tractor and is paid for his services
Single shipment of freight required to fill a rail car
Individual, partnership, or corporation engaged in the business of transporting goods.
Carrying Hours:
70 hours minus (last 7 days total hours worked plus hours worked today plus hours left to run today before taking an 8-hour break.)
Cartage Service:
Any person or company who undertakes to transport property for compensation when suck transportation is performed within a municipality or between contiguous municipalities or with a zone adjacent to, and commercially a part of, any such municipality or municipalities.
Chicken Coop:
Driver slang for scales (see scales)
City-Man Delivery:
Usually loads for delivery to grocery stores and must be unloaded by a city-man. Arrangements are made for a transient driver to meet the city-man so he can take care of the unloading duties.
(a) A demand made upon a transportation company for payment, due to loss or damage of freight alleged to have occurred while shipment was in possession of carrier. (b) A demand upon a transportation company for refund of an overcharges from the erroneous application of rates, weights, and assessment of freight charges
Class I Motor Carriers:
Common or contract motor carriers of property that have average gross operating revenues of $5,000,000 or more annually from motor carrier operations
Class II Motor Carriers:
Common or contract motor carriers of property that have average gross operating revenues of $1,000,000 or more , but under $5,000,000 annually from motor carrier operations
Class III Motor Carriers:
Common or contract motor carriers of property that have average gross operating revenues of less than $1,000,000 annually from motor carrier operations
Class I Truck:
Truck with gross vehicle weight (GVW) of 6,000 lbs or less
Class II Truck:
Truck with gross vehicle weight (GVW) of 6,001-10,000 lbs
Class III Truck:
Truck with gross vehicle weight (GVW) of 10,001-14,000 lbs
Class IV Truck:
Truck with gross vehicle weight (GVW) of 14,001-16,000 lbs
Class V Truck:
Truck with gross vehicle weight (GVW) of 16,001-19,500 lbs
Class VI Truck:
Truck with gross vehicle weight (GVW) of 19,501-26,000 lbs
Class VII Truck:
Truck with gross vehicle weight (GVW) of 26,001-33,000 lbs
Class VIII Truck:
Truck with gross vehicle weight (GVW) of 33,001-10,000 or more lbs
COFC Container on (rail) flat car:
A form of intermodal movement of freight using a box suitable for use on rail cars, trailer frames, and container ships Containers come in many sizes. International containers which are used on ships usually have height and width of eight feet. Length can vary, but 20 and 40 foot lengths are the most common. US domestic containers are generally taller than international containers and may not always be suitable for ocean transportation.
Combination Vehicle:
An equipment configuration which includes separate power unit (tractor) and at least one trailer
Commercial Trailer:
A trailer used to handle freight in the transportation of goods for others; excludes house trailers, light farm trailers and car trailers
Any article of commerce. Goods shipped
Common Carrier:
A transportation business that offers service to the general public. Interstate common carriers must hold a franchise issued by the ICC which limits service to a specific geographical area. Recent changes in regulation have blurred the distinction between common, private, and contract carriers. Term may be meaningless in the near future.
Competitive Rate:
A charge established to meet the competition of another transportation line
Connecting Carrier:
A carrier which interchanges trailers with another for completion of shipments.
Contract Carrier:
For hire carriers which proved transportation under specific contracts or agreements that do not fall within the legal boundaries of common carriage. Recent changes in regulation have blurred the distinction between common, private, and contract carriers. Term may be meaningless in the near future.
Hundred weight, or one hundred pounds
The scheduling and control of truck pickup and delivery. Critical link in dispatching process is communication with driver which may be accomplished by phone, pager, radio, satellite communication, and cellular phone.
A platform where trucks are loaded and unloaded
An auxiliary axle assembly having a fifth wheel used for purpose of converting a semitrailer to a full trailer. Dollies can be used to haul multiple trailers behind a single power unit.(also referred to as Bogie) Domestic Intercity Trucking- Trucking operations within the territory of the United States, including intra-Hawaiian and intra-Alaskan, which carry freight beyond the local areas and commercial zones
A combination of two trailers pulled by a power unit. Usually refers to a power unit pulling two 28' trailers. See also Rocky Mountain Double and Turnpike Double
Drop Load:
A load of freight that can be unhooked from the tractor at a specified customer location without the driver waiting for the trailer to be unloaded.
Drop Trailer (D/T):
Unhooking the trailer from the tractor in a designated trailer parking area
Material used around cargo to percent damage, breakage, or to secure lading for transportation. The material is normally furnished by the shipper and its weight is charged for in the rating of the shipment
Early and On-Time Index:
This index indicates the reliability of the ETD’s of a driver group. It is a percentage measurement of the number of times the ATD falls within one hour of the ETD
On the way
Estimated Date/Time of Availability. This is the estimated time a driver is to be empty at the final destination.
Estimated time of Delivery. The estimated time a driver is to arrive at the final destination. (No earlier than the consignee is open for business)
Exempt Carrier:
Motor carriers who are exempt from regulation by the type of commodity hauled (agricultural, newspapers) or the type of service provides (in conjunction with air, local in nature). Recent changes in regulation have blurred the distinction between common, private, and contract carriers. Term may be meaningless in the near future.
The cost of doing business, generally excludes current obligations on long term debt
The space allotted for specific entry of data.
Fifth Wheel:
A device used to connect a semi-trailer and tractor
Any commodity being transported
Freight Bill:
Document for a common carrier shipment. Gives description of the freight, its weight, amount of charges, taxes, and whether collect or prepaid. Charges paid in advance are called prepaid freight bills. charges collected at the destination are called destination or collect freight bills
Freight Broker:
Any person who sells transportation without actually providing it. Usually refers to agent for TL shipments, matching small shippers with carriers. Freight brokers often do not accept any responsibility for their shipments. (Also see Freight Forwarder and Shipper's Agent)
Freight Forwarder:
An individual or company that accepts less-than-truckload (LTL) or less-than-carload (LCL) shipments from shippers and combines then into carload or truckload lots. Designated as a common carrier under the Interstate Commerce Act. Freight forwarders issue a bill of lading for shipments and accept responsibility for cargo. Sometimes refers to company which fills railroad trains with trailers. (Also see Broker and Shipper's Agent)
A trailer without sides
Floor Load:
Any commodity such as scrap paper or magazines that is loaded directly on the trailers floor and must be loaded or unloaded.
Gross Combination Weight , see Gross Vehicle Weight
General Freight Carrier:
A carrier, which handles a wide variety of commodities in standard trailers. Such carriers can provide truckload or less-than-truckload service.
Glad Hands:
Air couplings on back of a tractor
Gross Combination Weight (GCW):
See Gross Vehicle Weight
Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW):
The maximum allowable fully laden weight of a truck and its payload. the most common classification scheme used by manufacturers and by states.
Heavy Duty Truck:
Truck with a gross vehicle weight generally in excess of 19,500 pounds (class 6-8). Other minimum weights are used by various laws or government agencies
Highway User Fee or Tax:
A charge levied on persons or organizations based on the use of public roads. Funds collected are usually applied toward highway construction, reconstruction, and maintenance. Examples includes vehicle registration fees, fuel taxes, and weight distance taxes.
Hours to run:
The number of hours left to drive before a driver is required to take an 8-hour break
Interstate Commerce Commission. The federal body charged with enforcing Acts of Congress affecting interstate commerce. Because of recent changes in regulation, this body may be obsolete. ICC Authorized or Regulated Motor Carriers- A carrier licensed and regulated by the Interstate Commerce Commission to carry freight. With deregulation, the meaning of this term is historical.
Independent Contractor:
A driver who owns his own equipment and leases his services to companies. The independent contractor is not considered a full time employee of the company. This driver is sometimes referred to as an “Owner Operator”.
This refers to the data which is typed on the CRT screen and is then entered into the computer data base
Instacom Check (ICHECK):
Telephonic payroll advance for covering drivers expanses. Authorization numbers are given by the expense department. Drivers may cash I-Checks with valid numbers at most truck stops.
Intercity Trucking:
Trucking operations which carry freight beyond the local areas and commercial zones
The coordinated transport of freight, especially in connection with relatively long –haul movements, using any combination of freight forwarders, piggybacks, containerization, air freight, assemblers, and motor carriers.
Intermodal Transportation:
Transportation movement involving more than one mode, e.g. rail-motor, motor-air, or rail-water
Interline Freight:
Freight which moves from point of origin to destination over the lines of two or more transportation companies
Interstate Commerce Act:
An act of Congress regulating the practices, rates, and rules of transportation lines engaged in hauling interstate traffic. Because of changes to regulation, this agency may be obsolete.
Intrastate shipments (traffic):
shipments moving wholly within one state by a state regulated carrier
Intrastate Traffic:
Traffic having origin, destination, and entire transportation within the same state
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991.
To place the trailer at the sharp angle to the tractor
Load information label
Longer combination vehicle
When a driver must remain at a certain location as a result of being out of operating hours, closure of consignee’s receiving dock, etc. In case of layover the driver will be compensated.
Lease Load:
Load which we have that we do not have the right to move unless we borrow (lease) the right (authority) from another carrier who does. Also referred to as Inbound Lease or Trip Lease.
Less Than Truckload (LTL):
A quantity of freight less than that required for the application of a truckload rate. The historical definition for LTL freight is shipments under 10,000 pounds. LTL carriers are carriers which specialize in shipments under 10,000 pounds. However, competition from other freight carriers restricts shipments for most LTL carriers to the range between 300 and 3000 pounds.
Line Haul:
Movement of freight between cities, excluding pickup and delivery service
Live Load:
A load requiring the driver to load his own trailer. A load such as swinging meat or liquids that tends to movie in the trailer during transit.
Load Dock:
A device used primarily with paper products to secure the load in the trailer and protect it from shifting and damaging the load.
Load Number:
A unique number for each load assigned by the computer
Log Book:
The daily log in which truckers list their activities including driving time, on duty - not driving time, off duty time, bunk time, layover, deliveries, pick-ups, mileage, the truck’s condition and performance and part replacement, if any. The ICC requires that an up to date log be kept by all truckers unless the operate within a fifty mile radius of their home terminal or use a clock. The log is always subject to inspection by officials.
Lost Capacity:
Whenever a driver spends 12 or more hours within a 24-hour period, which begins at midnight, in an unavailable status or statuses
A statement listing the particulars of all shipments loaded in cars, ships, trucks, etc. Usually refers to ship’s manifest.
This is any given format which appears on the CRT screen. A list of available masks may be obtained by entering SCTC.
Mileage Rate:
A rate applicable according to distance
Mileage Tariff:
A carrier tariff naming rates based on mileage
Modal Share:
The percentage of total freight moved by a particular type of transportation
Movement Code:
This is a 2-digit code entered through MV1 which describes the type of movement.
National Division:
Another Carrier borrows out authority to move loads that they do not have the authority to carry. Also referred to as an Outbound Lease.
Nation's Freight Bill:
The amount spent annually on freight transportation by the Nation's shippers; also represents the total revenue of all carriers operating in the Nation. This includes private carriers as well as common and contract carriers. The total bill was around $330 Billion in 1992.
Net Profit Margin:
A measure of profitability based on the ratio of net income to total operating revenues
Net Weight:
the weight of merchandise without the shipping container. Also, the weight of the contents of a freight car.
Non-Regulated Trucking:
A carrier which is exempt from economic regulation, e.g.exempt agricultural shipments and private trucking operations. Recent changes in regulation have blurred the distinction between common, private, and contract carriers. Term may be meaningless in the near future
Operating expenses:
The costs of handling traffic including both direct costs, e.g. driver wages and fuel; and indirect cots, e.g. computer expenses and advertising; but excludes interest expense.
Operating Ratio:
A measure of profitability based on operating expenses as a percentage of gross revenues
Cargo count by pieces is greater than the number on the bill of lading.
Owner Operator:
A trucker who owns and drives his rig.
Packing List:
A statement prepared by the shipper to show merchandise packing particulars. A copy is usually sent to the consignee to assist in checking the shipment when received.
A platform (usually two-deck), with or without sides, on which a number of packages or pieces may be loaded to facilitate handling by a lift truck
A rubber diaphragm located inside the service brake and emergency brake chambers of both the tractor and trailer. Both brake systems are air actuated.
Written permission obtained by a company from a state that allows the passage of goods.
The transportation of highway trailers or removable trailer bodies on rail cars specifically equipped for the service. It is essentially a joint carrier movement in which the motor carrier forms a pickup and delivery operations to a rail terminal, as well as a delivery operation at the terminating rail head
Point of Origin:
The terminal at which freight is received from the shipper
Power Divider:
Differential axle on the tractor that, when engaged, sends power to two drive axles rather than one. The power divider is used to provide more traction on slick roads, snow, etc.
Power Units:
The control and pulling vehicle for trailers or semitrailers
Refers to a driver’s preference of load type, i.e., long, short, east, west, etc. The order of preferences follow seniority if drives filing a preference
Prepaid Charges:
A transportation trade practice under which the shipper (outbound) pays transportation charges vs. inbound (10% of cases) where consignee is billed by carrier.
Preventive Maintenance (pm):
Scheduled, periodic maintenance of equipment. Its purpose is to prevent major mechanical failures and solve small problems before they get bigger. PM’s include lube, oil change, chasis and engine inspection, safety checks, etc.
Private Carrier:
A person not included in the common and contract carrier definition who transports property by motor vehicle of which tat person is the owner, lessee, or bailee, and when suck transportation is for the purpose of sale, lease, rent or bailment, or in furtherance of any commercial enterprise.
Purchase Order (PO):
a PO is granted by Road Repair as credit payment for services rendered by a company that fixes a bad order piece of equipment.
The figure stated in cents, dollars and cents, or fractions thereof, used in computing the charge on property transported. Rates are normally in cents per one hundred pounds.
Rate Basis:
The group in which a given point is located for the determination of rates in a tariff
Determination of the correct legal rate for a shipment
A state permits vehicles from other sates to operate in and through the first state providing a similar privilege is given to vehicles domiciled in the first state and operating in and through other states. Reconsignment of Diversion- A change in the name of consignor or consignee; a change in the place of deliver; a change in the destination point; or relinquishment of shipment at point of origin.
Red Tag:
A red tag is affixed in a conspicuous place on a bad order piece of equipment so that it may be identified easily by service personnel
when a shipment is tendered for delivery and, through no fault of the carrier, such delivery cannot be accomplished, any additional tenders and final delivery is considered redelivery
A refrigerated trailer
Regional Maintenance Facility:
An independent garage which contracts its maintenance facility and services to Schneider Transport for the drivers’ equipment in that area.
Regular Common Carrier:
Any company authorized to serve the public and to transport general commodities over set routes
Regulated Motor carrier:
A carrier subject to economic by the Interstate Commerce Commission. Recent changes in regulation have made this term obsolete.
Moneys paid to carriers as compensation for the movement of freight
A tractor trailer combination
Rocky Mountain Double:
A combination vehicle consisting of a tractor, a 45 to 48 foot semitrailer and a shorter 28 foot semitrailer
The manner in which a shipment movies, i.e. the carriers handling and the points via which they travel in doing so.
Standard Point Location Code
What is saved after damage has been done; the value of goods after being damaged
weight station usually located at or near state lines
Schneider Bill:
A packet of blank bills carried by the drivers in the event that some cargo is nor covered by the bill of lading.
Small metal strip and lead fastener used for locking freight car or truck doors. Seals are numbered for record purposes
A freight carrying vehicle without motor power that is attached by means of a “fifth wheel” to a tractor, resulting in a tractor trailer combination.
The customer who is loading the trailer to be shipped.
Shipper's Agent:
Company which coordinates all aspects of an intermodal move, hiring drayage at both ends, and providing shippers with a single invoice. (See also Freight Forwarder and Broker)
Shippers’ Load and Count:
A clause that carriers stamp on bill of lading covering carload or truckload shipments loaded and sealed by shippers and not confirmed by the carriers.
Shipper Loading:
The performance by the shipper of complete loading service, including the counting, without assistance from the carrier. The carrier’s employee must be released during loading. Loading includes the loading of freight into carrier’s trailer, stowing and arranging thereon. The shipment must be properly secured for transportation by the shipper. Such practice leads to cheaper rates for the customer.
Cargo count by pieces is less than the number on the bill of lading
SIC Code:
Standard Industrial Classification Code. A classification of establishments by type of activity in which they are engaged; for the purpose of facilitating the collection, tabulation, presentation and analysis of data relating to establishments, e.g. SIC 42 Motor Freight Transportation and Warehousing SIC 421 Trucking,, Local and Long distance
Sleeper Berth:
The bunk compartment behind the driver’s seat in any tractor
A movable fifth wheel giving the driver the ability to change the length of his rig
Slip Sheet:
A cardboard sheet which enables unitized loads to be transported without use of a pallet. Sizes vary.
Specialized Carrier:
A trucking company franchised to transport articles which, because of size, shape, weight, or other inherent characteristics, require special equipment for lading, unloading or transporting. The regulatory meaning of this term is obsolete, but many carriers continue to specialize because specialty items continue to require special equipment and skills.
Driver unhooks his assignment trailer at a designated place to be loaded or unloaded
Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Code:
A classification of establishments by type of activity in which they are engaged; for the purpose of facilitating the collection, tabulation, presentation and analysis of data relating to establishments, e.g. SIC 42 Motor Freight Transportation and Warehousing SIC 421 Trucking,, Local and Long distance State of Domicile.
Straight Truck:
A vehicle with the cargo body and tractor mounted on the same chassis
Stop off:
The stopping of trailers in transit to partially unload or load; Usually there is a set stop-off charge for this stop.
an additional charge
(1) Two pairs of duals mounted together on a trailer. (2) A semi-trailer with two rear axles. Tandem axles must have a fifty-inch separation between axles; tandems may be either fixed at one point or adjustable in location under the bed.
Books listing the class and rate of thousands of shipped commodities. These tariffs are used by rating departments to determine the cheapest way to ship freight.
A unionized truck driver; a member of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters
A building for the handling and temporary storage of freight pending transfer between locations
Third Structure Tax:
Any tax on road users other than registration fees or fuel taxes. See, for example, ton-mile tax and weight-distance tax.
(a) Quantity of freight required to fill a truck.
(b) When used in connection with freight rates, the quantity of freight necessary to qualify a shipment for a truckload rate
(c) Historical definition is a shipment of 10,000 pounds or more.
Trailer on (rail) flat car. A form of piggyback movement of freight
An allowance made for differences in weight due to variations in scales or inherent nature of goods
The movement of one ton of freight a distance of one mile. Ton-miles are computed by multiplying the weight in tons of each shipment transported by the distance hauled for each movement. Total ton-miles for a carrier are calculated by adding the figure for all movements.
Ton-Mile Tax:
A tax calculated by measuring the weight of each truck for each trip. The gross weight is assigned a tax rate which is multiplied by the miles of travel
Generally refers to freight handled
Total Drivers:
All the drivers assigned to a board minus drivers in a trainee or terminated status
A request that a carrier locate a shipment to speed its movement or to establish proof of delivery, or a request for an answer to a previously filed claim
Unit of highway motive power used to pull one or more trailers
Tractor Semitrailer:
A combination vehicle consisting of a power unit (tractor) and a semi-trailer
A vehicle designed without motive power, to be drawn by another vehicle
Transient Drivers:
Driver who is located outside the boundaries defined by his domicile type code
A motor vehicle designed to carry an entire load. It may consist of a chassis and body; a chassis, cab and body; or it may be of integral construction so that the body and chassis from a single unit
Truck Tonnage:
The weight of freight in tons transported by truck
Turnpike Double:
A combination vehicle consisting of a tractor and two trailers of 45 to 48 feet.
Twin Trailer:
A short semitrailer (under 29;) designed to be operated as part of a combination vehicle with a tandem trailer of similar length
Uniform System of Accounts:
A code prescribing the reporting procedure and specified accounts for motor carriers described by the ICC. This accounting system is no longer in use.
Union Local:
A branch of the main organization assigned to cover workers in a particular geographic locality
The changing of data stored in the central data base by using the key on the CRY labeled “update”
Unavailable Status:
a driver who is in a status other than AVAI, MVNG, DHNG, or BOBT

Van (Dry Van):
Trailer having no heating or cooling capability
A measurement of the total miles traveled by all vehicles in an area. Generally applies to intercity movements only
Place for the receiving and storage of goods
Description of goods with a common carrier freight shipment
Weight-distance Tax:
A tax basing the fee per mile on the registered gross weight of the vehicle. Total tax liability is calculated by multiplying this rate times miles traveled
Yard Check:
A daily report by number of equipment located at a facility. The report should include what equipment is bad order (and why) and what trailers are loaded.